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World's Deadliest Snakes by Priyanka ,  Jul 6, 2013

Mozambique spitting cobra [Credit: © Digital Vision/Getty Images]Few animals strike as much fear into people as venomous snakes. Although the chances of running into a venomous snake, much less being bitten and dying from the toxin injected into one's body, are miniscule compared to dying from cancer, heart disease, or an automobile accident, this seemingly unreasonable fear remains very real for many people. The snakes described here live primarily in tropical regions, but some might be living in research centers and zoos near you.

No doubt, snakes are the deadliest, venomous creatures, yet are the most beautiful creation of mother nature. Snakes as always are wonderful species of our eco system. As like other wild creatures, their existence too is indeed important to maintain nature's ecological balance. Snakes never attack humans willingly else they get aggressive only when are hurt or disturbed without warning. It's their natural wild instinct of self-defense that force any venomous snake to strike. In fact, as much as we fear snakes, they too fear humans and other bigger species. Deadly snakebite is always a worst hazardous accident. Lack of proper medical treatment on time can cause a major physical damage to an injured, may even prove fatal. Good knowledge, smart approach and scientific understanding of top venomous serpents can help us clarify many misconceptions about these wonderful wild species.

most poisonous snakes

Following snake article provides you brief info on world's top 10 most dangerous / venomous / toxic snakes and also essential tips on, How to avoid a deadly snakebite? Enjoy reading this informative snake article.

Snake's Record : Inland Taipan is not world's most toxic venomous snake else rightly saying it is terrestrial world's most toxic land snake on earth. Neither it is Beaked Sea Snake (Enhydrina schistosa). Snake which is 100 times more venomous than Taipan, Beaked Sea Snake or any other snake on earth is Hydrophis Belcheri.
Some snake enthusiasts and herpetologists may not agree with above sentence and would either name Beaked Sea Snake (Enhydrina schistosa) or the Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) as having most toxic venom than Belcheri.

Saw-scaled viper

This viper, Echis carinatus, which inhabits parts of India and the Middle East, doesn't possess the strongest of venoms, but is responsible for more human deaths annually than any other snake, partly because it's often found in populated areas.

saw-scaled viper [Credit: Anton Thau/Bavaria-Verlag]The saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) may be the deadliest of all snakes, since scientists believe it to be responsible for more human deaths than all other snake species combined. Its venom, however, is lethal in less than 10 percent of untreated victims, but the snake's aggressiveness means it bites early and often.
boomslang [Credit: Dade Thornton—The National Audubon Society Collection/Photo Researchers]The boomslang (Dispholidus typus) hunts by extending the forward part of its body motionless from a tree, its form mimicking a branch. A rear-fanged snake, it delivers its venom by chewing on its victim until the victim succumbs to the toxins.

Inland Taipan is the world's most venomous land snake. Its bite is synonymous with death. Maximum survival time recorded after Taipan's bite is not more than few hours. Without prompt medical assistance its victim has rarest chance of recovery. Taipans are divided into following five sub-species viz; Western or Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) or (Fierce Snake), Papuan Taipan (Oxyuranus s. canni), Common or Coastal Taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus), Central Ranges Taipan (Oxyuranus temporalis) and North-West Australian Taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus barringeri). Here Inland Taipan (Fierce snake) is the most toxic specie of all. Maximum yield recorded from a single bite of Inland Taipan is 110 mg. Just few mg of Inland Taipan's venom is enough to kill over 100 people or 250,000 mice. Australia's Western or Inland Taipan or Fierce Snake is the world's most toxic terrestrial snake. (Ranked No.1)

Snake's Characteristics : It is considered as the most venomous land snake on earth. Many people believe Taipans are very aggressive but the fact is that they are docile creatures. Yes they have an aggressive disposition only when mishandled or disturbed without warning. When aroused, Taipan can display a fearsome appearance by flattening its head, raising it off the ground, waving it back and forth, and suddenly striking with such speed that the victim may receive several bites before it retreats. Its venom is a powerful neurotoxin, causing respiratory paralysis.

Snake's Habitat : At home in a variety of habitats, Inland Taipan are found from the savanna grasslands to the inland dry plains of Australia. Where as 'Oxyuranus scutellatus' are often seen in forests and open woodlands. Very less or no information; regarding newly discovered Central Ranges Taipan (Oxyuranus temporalis).

Snake's Length : Average Taipan's length is 1.8 meters and maximum of 3.7 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Taipans (Oxyuranus scutellatus) are found in Northern Australia and Southern New Guinea. Whereas Inland Taipan (world's most toxic land snake) are found in Central Australia. Papuan Taipan (Oxyuranus s. canni) are found in New Guinea.

This reptile (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) is often referred to as the "fierce snake," and its bite can kill a human being in less than an hour. One of the deadliest snakes on the planet, its paralyzing venom causes hemorrhaging in blood vessels and muscle tissues.

King cobra

Wondering which snake can bring down an elephant? The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) delivers enough neurotoxins to kill an Asian elephant, as well as about 50 percent of the humans it bites. Reaching 18 feet (5.5 meters) in length, the king cobra is also the world's longest venomous snake.

Snake's Description : King Cobra is uniformly olive, brown or green in colour with rings like cross bands of black.

Snake's Toxic Rank 4 : Famous Giant King cobra is the world's No.4 venomous snake. Extremely venomous after Philippine Cobra.

Snake's Characteristics : Although King Cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world and it has a disposition to go with this honor, it causes relatively few bites on humans. It appears to have a high degree of intelligence. It avoids attacking another venomous snake for fear of being bitten. It feeds exclusively on harmless species of other snakes. King Cobra usually prefers eating non-venomous species, but if is too hungry may attack other venomous snakes like Common Kraits, other Cobras, and even eat its own specie (i.e Other King Cobras). King Cobra is a cannibal and also eats its own specie. Hence called 'Ophiophagus' which means 'a snake eater'. The female King Cobra builds a nest then deposits her eggs in it. Lying close by, she guards the nest and is highly aggressive towards anything that closely approaches the nest. King Cobras can inject more milligrams (mg) of venom than any other snake. Its venom is a powerful neurotoxin. Without prompt medical aid, death is certain for its victims.

Snake's Habitat : King Cobra's habitat includes dense jungle and even cultivated paddy fields.

king cobra [Credit: © Heiko Kiera/Fotolia]The king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the longest venomous snake in the world. Its bite delivers a tremendous amount of paralysis-inducing neurotoxins. The snake's venom is so strong and so voluminous that it can kill an elephant in just a few hours. Death also results in at least 50 to 60 percent of untreated human cases.

Snake's Length : King Cobra's average length is 3.5 meters and maximum of 5.5 meters.

Snake's Distribution : King Cobras are found in Thailand, Southern China, Malaysia Peninsula, Southern India (especially in rain forests of western ghats) and Philippines.

Black mamba

The fastest snake in the world is also one of the deadliest. The black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) can move at speeds of up to 12.5 miles per hour (5.5 meters per second), and its bite can kill a human being in less than 30 minutes. This snake is known for using its lethal fangs to repeatedly stab those unfortunate enough to get in its way, with each bite injecting a deadly amount of neurotoxic venom.

Tiger Snake ( Notechis Scutatus )

Snake's Description : Tiger Snake are olive to dark brown in colour above with yellowish or olive belly and crossbands. Its subspecies in Tasmania and Victoria are uniformly black.

Snake's Toxic Rank 9 : Tiger Snake is the world's No.9 venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : Tiger Snake is a dangerous poisonous snake found in Australia. It is very common and bites many humans in Australia. It has a very potent neurotoxic venom that attacks the nervous system. When aroused, it is aggressive and attacks any intruder. It flattens its neck making a narrow band. Its venom is produced in large quantities, with an average yield 35mg and a record of 180mg.

Snake's Habitat : Tiger Snakes have many habitats from arid regions to human settlements and along waterways to grasslands.

Snake's Length : Tiger Snake has an average length of 1.2 meters and maximum of 1.8 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Tiger Snakes are found in Australia, Tasmania, Bass Strait islands and New Guinea.

eastern tiger snake [Credit: JAW]The eastern tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) is the most widely distributed type of tiger snake, which inhabits the southern fringe of Australia and the region’s nearby islands. As it prepares to strike, it flattens its head and neck in a manner similar to Asian and African cobras.